Because of its long separation from neighboring continents—through tectonic movement, it split from Africa about 160 million years ago, and from India around 90 million years ago—it contains many species endemic to the island. This region is notable not just for the high number of endemic species, but for endemism in higher-level taxonomic groupings too. Most of this information documents the bird's distribution across the island. These near-endemics (e.g., Madagascar White-eye, Blue Vanga) have their ranges focused around Madagascar, but can be found on nearby island groups, such as the Comoros. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on April 25 2017 in Environment. The following is a list of species endemic to Madagascar. Listed as endangered, the bird faces threats like habitat degradation and loss and hunting pressure. The following restricted-range species are also found in the region: The following seabirds are restricted to the region as breeders: Species endemic to other islands or island groups in the region, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Endemic_birds_of_Madagascar_and_western_Indian_Ocean_islands&oldid=925207715, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Madagascar partridge is endemic as a native species to Madagascar, but has been introduced on the Mascarenes, Madagascar buttonquail is endemic as a native species to Madagascar, but has been introduced on the Mascarenes, Madagascar turtle dove is endemic as a native species to Madagascar, but is thought to be an, Grey-headed lovebird is endemic as a native species to Madagascar, but has been introduced to the Comoro Islands, Madagascar fody is endemic as a native species to Madagascar, but has been introduced to many of the other islands in the region, Sinclair, Ian and Olivier Langrand (2003), This page was last edited on 8 November 2019, at 15:21. The bird has a brown plumage with brown flecks … It is dark reddish-brown with whitish cheeks and throat and a white tail. The following is a list of species which are not endemic to a specific island (or island group) but are endemic to the region as a whole. It is dark... Meller's Duck (Anas melleri). Two orders are endemic to Madagascar or the wider region: The following three families are endemic to Madagascar: One other family is endemic to the wider region: In addition to genera in the families above, the following genera are endemic to the region (M indicating a genus endemic to Madagascar): In addition in the following genera, high proportions of the member species are endemic to Madagascar: BirdLife International has defined a number of Endemic Bird Areas and Secondary Areas in Madagascar and the western Indian Ocean islands. Bernier's teal is a small, delicate-looking bird. It feeds on freshwater foods including vegetation, seeds, and mollusks. Also, it restricts the international trading of the endangered species under Appendix two of the conservation programs. The female lays 6 to 9 eggs and incubates them for 26 days after which they hatch. Major threats include habitat degradation and human persecution. The bird breeds from May to October and has a maximum clutch size of two, but only one bird per nest survives. It lives in estuaries, marine islands, mangroves, the freshwater lakes, and rivers in the Antsalova region. It is a critically endangered species according to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature's (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species. The main threat to this bird is the range of environmental changes, agricultural practices, pollution, and siltation. The Madagascan fish eagle is the largest raptor in Madagascar. The bird has a brown plumage with brown flecks and streaks. It has a green patch with white borders on the wings. They form larger flocks when feeding or roosting. It ranges along the west coast from Morombe to Diego in the north. The female bird is dull compared to the male and lacks the white iris. This article is one of a series providing information about endemism among birds in the world's various zoogeographic zones. The birds walk in pairs or small groups of up to 12 individuals. It experiences a tropical climate along the coast, temperate inland and arid climate in the south. The bird is threatened by conversion of wetlands to agricultural farms in Madagascar. Madagascar is the fifth largest island in the world, and is found located off of the southeast coast of Africa. The male is chestnut brown with brown flanks and a white belly. Other locations include sandbars and mangrove forest edges. The Madagascan fish eagle is the largest raptor in Madagascar. A List of Birds That Are Flightless, Beautiful Birds That Are Endemic To The Philippines, The 10 Coldest Cities In The United States. The following is a list of species endemic to the region as breeding species: Two Western Palearctic falcons winter entirely (Eleonora's falcon) or mainly (sooty falcon) on Madagascar. It inhabits shallow freshwater lakes and marshes and areas with open waters and dense vegetation. It occurs in small groups that feed during the day and night. Madagascan Pochard (Aythya innotata) Madagascan Fish Eagle (Haliaeetus vociferous). It has a light reddish-brown plumage with buff colored throats and chin and a pink-grey bill. In wet season they inhabit the wetlands, and in dry seasons they occupy shallow water bodies. Madagascar declared the rediscovery location of the bird, Lake Alaotra a land of national importance and efforts to conserve the habitat of the birds are underway. Of the 308 bird species recorded on Madagascar, 108 are found nowhere else on earth, and a handful of others are shared only with the neighbouring Comoro Islands, 2 have been declared extinct, 36 are globally threat… It breeds in September and January around the vegetation sites at the edges of the lake. It inhabits freshwater bodies in forested areas. Its location is a site of international importance. It is also a critically endangered bird on the IUCN Red List. The under tail is white with a white bar on the wing. It feeds on invertebrates and plants in the water. One population occupies the northwest coast region, and another occupies the inland Antsalova region in its west-central area. The bird is endemic to Madagascar with a single location of Lake Alaotra. Conservation programs have initiated captive breeding of the species. The young ducklings are brown above and yellowish beneath and on the face. Madagascar breeds the birds in seven protected areas and has enacted legislation inhibiting hunting of the birds. The following is a list of species endemic to other islands. The Madagascan Fish Eagle and the Madagascan Porchard are the island nation's two most threatened endemic birds. Most of the birds practice polyandry where one female mates with more than one male. It has gray feet, beak, and legs and the eye iris is white. It breeds in the wet season and nests in cavities in trunks of the black mangrove trees. There is also a Madagascan fish-eagle conservation program in place.
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